Self-study

Can Depression Occur in Narcissism? – PsychCentral.com

Summary

The self-focus of narcissism may make it seem like a person exudes confidence or knows exactly what they want. But depression can be behind the surface.

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a complex condition characterized by expressions of self-importance, a lack of empathy, and a persistent need for admiration.

Symptoms can include grandiosity, a victim mentality, arrogance, and manipulation. The disorder can stem from childhood emotional neglect, abu…….

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The self-focus of narcissism may make it seem like a person exudes confidence or knows exactly what they want. But depression can be behind the surface.

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a complex condition characterized by expressions of self-importance, a lack of empathy, and a persistent need for admiration.

Symptoms can include grandiosity, a victim mentality, arrogance, and manipulation. The disorder can stem from childhood emotional neglect, abuse, or overbearing parenting, according to research.

When the real world doesn’t reflect or respond in kind to their self-projections, folks with NPD can become depressed.

But it might not present like clinical depression.

We do know that clinical narcissism increases the likelihood of depression, though researchers don’t know why exactly.

There are a few speculations for the cause for co-occurring depression:

  • Self-esteem challenges. Research has shown this occurring in people with vulnerable narcissism.
  • Perceived lack of attention and validation. Those with NPD may not have the proper coping skills to manage inattention and shame, as one study finds.
  • Differences in perception. They may become confused and discouraged when others don’t see them as positively as they see themselves or don’t recognize or agree with their perceived victimization.
  • Chronic stress. They may become stressed over interpersonal problems associated with their behaviors (this study points to romantic relationships, for example).

Phenomena like love and admiration are organic and reciprocal. In contrast, people with NPD tend to continually seek or demand praise, but they often don’t receive the praise they believe they deserve.

This can lead to feelings of emptiness, loneliness, and isolation consistent with the symptoms of depression.

Types of narcissism

There are two subtypes of narcissism: grandiose (overt) and vulnerable (covert). Both types include a lack of empathy, an exaggerated sense of self, and a strong negative reaction to criticism.

Grandiose narcissism features a more assertive expression of narcissism. People with grandiose narcissism are more outgoing and openly express their feelings of superiority.

Vulnerable narcissism features a more self-deprecating superiority. People with this type tend to have low self-esteem and need constant reassurance. Their deep aversion to criticism can cause them to retreat from people and attention.

Do people with covert narcissism have depressive episodes?

One study looked at the differences in depressive symptoms alongside grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. The researchers found that those with vulnerable narcissism were more likely to experience depression due to unprocessed emotions.

Unprocessed emotions are difficult emotions that remain in response to unresolved situations. They can lead to additional …….

Source: https://psychcentral.com/depression/narcissism-and-depression